Best Fertility Centre – Dr. Swapna Naik

Ovulation Induction

What is Ovulation Induction?


Ovulation induction is a medical intervention aimed at stimulating ovulation in women who have irregular or absent menstrual cycles, or who are undergoing assisted reproductive technologies (ART). It involves the use of medications to encourage the ovaries to release eggs regularly.

Why Consider Ovulation Induction?


For many women, irregular ovulation can be a barrier to conception. Ovulation induction can help regulate the menstrual cycle and increase the chances of natural conception or enhance the success rates of procedures like intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF).

How Does Ovulation Induction Work?


The process typically begins with a thorough evaluation of the woman’s reproductive health, hormone levels, and ovarian function. Based on these assessments, medications such as clomiphene citrate, letrozole, or gonadotropins may be prescribed to stimulate the ovaries.

Types of Medications Used:

  1. Clomiphene Citrate: This oral medication induces ovulation by blocking estrogen receptors in the brain, which leads to increased production of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).
  2. Letrozole: Originally used for breast cancer treatment, letrozole also stimulates ovulation by affecting estrogen levels in a different way than clomiphene citrate.
  3. Gonadotropins: These injectable hormones directly stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs, making them a common choice for women who do not respond to oral medications.

Monitoring Ovulation:


During ovulation induction, frequent monitoring through blood tests and ultrasound scans is crucial to track the growth of ovarian follicles and ensure the timing of ovulation.

Success Rates and Considerations:


Success rates of ovulation induction vary depending on factors such as age, underlying fertility issues, and the chosen treatment protocol. It’s essential for women considering this option to discuss potential risks, benefits, and alternatives with their healthcare provider.

Ovulation induction offers hope to many women struggling with infertility by enhancing their natural fertility or supporting ART procedures. Understanding the process, medications involved, and the importance of monitoring can empower individuals on their fertility journey.

Scroll to Top